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Link To Arizona HB 2161

Discussion in 'Activism' started by alsaqr, Jan 22, 2019.

  1. alsaqr

    alsaqr Member

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  2. hso

    hso Moderator Staff Member

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    Note the title only refers to a Severe Threat Order of Protection without any indication of confiscation or seizure of firearms (i.e. deceptive on the face of it).


    Keep your letters to the officials short, polite, and to the point. Be sure to say -

    Dear ABC,

    As your constituent I expect you to oppose HB2161. It violates the 4th, 5th, and 14th Amendments (can anyone provide the state equivalents?). Taking personal property without trial should not be acceptable.

    Thank you,

    XYZ




    legiscan.com
    Arizona HB2161 | 2019 | Fifty-fourth Legislature 1st Regular
    20-26 minutes

    Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Arizona:

    Section 1. Title 12, chapter 10, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by adding article 5, to read:

    ARTICLE 5. SEVERE THREAT ORDER OF PROTECTION

    12-1881. Definitions

    In this article, unless the context otherwise requires:

    1. "ex parte severe threat order of protection" means an injunction issued by a court pursuant to Section 12-1883 that prohibits the respondent from owning, purchasing, possessing or receiving or having in the respondent's custody or control a firearm or ammunition until the court‑scheduled hearing for a one-year severe threat order of protection.

    2. "Family or household member" means any person who:

    (a) Is related by blood, marriage or adoption to the respondent.

    (b) Is the respondent's current or former dating partner.

    (c) Is acting or has acted as the respondent's legal guardian.

    (d) Has regularly resided in the same household as the respondent within the previous year.

    3. "one-year severe threat order of protection" means an injunction that is issued by a court pursuant to Section 12-1884 and that prohibits the respondent from owning, purchasing, possessing or receiving or having in the respondent's custody or control a firearm or ammunition for a period of up to one year.

    4. "Petitioner" means a person who is at least eighteen years of age and who is either a law enforcement officer, a family or household member, a school administrator or teacher or a licensed behavioral health professional who has personal knowledge that the respondent is a danger to self or others.

    5. "Respondent" means the person who is identified in the petition that is filed pursuant to Section 12-1883 or 12-1884.

    12-1882. Severe threat order of protection; commencing action; form

    A. A petitioner may file a verified petition in the superior court requesting the court to issue a severe threat order of protection. Notwithstanding the location of the petitioner or respondent, any superior court may issue or enforce a severe threat order of protection.

    B. The petition for a severe threat order of protection must include all of the following:

    1. The name of the petitioner. The petitioner shall disclose the petitioner's address to the court for purposes of service.� If the address of the petitioner is unknown to the respondent, the petitioner may request that the address be protected.� On the petitioner's request, the address shall not be listed on the petition.� Whether or not the court issues a severe threat order of protection, the protected address shall be maintained in a separate document or automated database and is not subject to release or disclosure by the court or any form of public access except as ordered by the court.

    2. The respondent's name and address, if known.

    3. A specific statement setting forth the grounds for issuing the severe threat order of protection, including detailed allegations based on personal knowledge that the respondent poses a significant danger of causing physical injury to self or others by having in the respondent's custody or control or owning, purchasing, possessing or receiving a firearm or ammunition.

    4. The number, type and location of any firearm or ammunition that the petitioner presently believes the respondent possesses or controls.

    5. A description of the relationship between the parties and whether there is or has been a severe threat order of protection, a domestic violence protective order, an injunction against harassment or an injunction against workplace harassment in place between the parties or against the respondent.

    6. Whether there is any other pending lawsuit, complaint, petition or other action between the parties pursuant to the laws of this state.� The court administrator shall verify the terms of any existing order governing the parties.� The court may not delay granting relief because of the existence of a pending action between the parties or the necessity of verifying the terms of an existing order.� A petition for a severe threat order of protection may be granted whether or not there is a pending action between the parties.

    C. The court shall provide forms, without charge, to assist parties without counsel.� The petitioner may not be charged a fee for filing a petition for a severe threat order of protection or for service of process pursuant to this article.

    D. All health records and other health information provided in a petition or considered as evidence in a proceeding pursuant to this article shall be protected from public disclosure to the extent that the information identifies a respondent or petitioner, except that the information may be provided to a law enforcement agency as prescribed in Section 12-1888. Aggregate statistical data regarding the number of severe threat orders of protection issued, renewed, denied, dissolved or terminated shall be available to the public on request.

    E. A person is not subject to civil or criminal liability for filing a petition, providing information or otherwise participating in proceedings authorized by this article unless the person acts with malice or intent to harass the respondent or commits false swearing in violation of section 13‑2703. A person is not subject to civil or criminal liability for choosing not to file a petition, provide information or otherwise participate in proceedings authorized by this article.�

    12-1883. Ex parte severe threat order of protection; issuance; hearing; notice

    A. A petitioner, without notice to the respondent, may request that an ex parte severe threat order of protection be issued before a hearing for a one-year severe threat order of protection by including in the petition detailed allegations based on personal knowledge that the respondent poses an immediate and present danger of causing physical injury to self or others by having in the respondent's custody or control or owning, purchasing, possessing or receiving a firearm or ammunition.

    B. The court shall review the petition, any other pleadings on file and any evidence offered by the petitioner, including any threat of harm to the petitioner or others by electronic contact or communication, to determine whether the court should issue an ex parte severe threat order of protection. Rules 65(a)(1) and 65(e) of the Arizona Rules of Civil Procedure do not apply to ex parte severe threat orders of protection that are requested pursuant to this section.

    C. The court shall issue or deny an ex parte severe threat order of protection on the same day that the petition is submitted to the court unless the petition is filed too late in the day to allow effective review, in which case the court shall issue or deny the order on the next day of judicial business.

    D. In determining whether grounds for an ex parte severe threat order of protection exist, the judge shall consider all relevant evidence presented by the petitioner and may also consider other relevant evidence, including evidence relating to the respondent's:

    1. Unlawful, reckless or negligent use, display, storage, possession or brandishing of a firearm.

    2. Acts or threats of violence to self or others, whether or not this violence involves a firearm.

    3. Violation of a severe threat order of protection, a domestic violence protective order, an injunction against harassment or an injunction against workplace harassment or a violation of a similar order in another state.

    4. Abuse of a controlled substance or alcohol or any criminal offense that involves a controlled substance or alcohol.

    5. Recent acquisition of a firearm, ammunition or another deadly weapon.

    6. Cruel mistreatment of an animal.

    7. History of using, attempting to use or threatening to use physical force against another person or of stalking another person.

    E. The court shall also consider the time that has elapsed since the events described in subsection D of this section.


    F. If the court finds reasonable cause to believe that the respondent poses an immediate and present danger of causing physical injury to self or others by having in the respondent's custody or control or owning, purchasing, possessing or receiving a firearm or ammunition, the court shall issue an ex parte severe threat order of protection.

    G. An ex parte severe threat order of protection must include all of the following:

    1. A statement that the respondent may not have in the respondent's custody or control or own, purchase, possess or receive or attempt to purchase or receive a firearm or ammunition while the order is in effect.

    2. A description of the requirements for the relinquishment of a firearm and ammunition pursuant to Section 12-1886.

    3. A statement of the grounds asserted for the order.

    4. A notice of the hearing pursuant to Section 12-1884 to determine whether to issue a one-year severe threat order of protection, including the address of the court and the date and time when the hearing is scheduled.

    5. A statement that at the hearing, the court may extend the order for up to one year.

    6. A statement that the respondent may seek the advice of an attorney as to any matter connected with the order and that the attorney should be consulted promptly so that the attorney may assist the respondent in any matter connected with the order.

    H. If the court grants the petitioner's request for an ex parte severe threat order of protection, the court shall schedule a hearing within fourteen days after granting the request to determine if a one-year severe threat order of protection shall be issued.� A respondent may seek an extension of time before the hearing date.� The court shall dissolve an ex parte severe threat order of protection in effect against the respondent when the court holds the hearing.

    I. The court shall ensure that notice of the hearing is served on the respondent with the ex parte severe threat order of protection as soon as practicable. Notice shall be personally served by a peace officer or, if necessary, by another person who is authorized to serve process pursuant to rule 4(d) of the Arizona Rules of Civil Procedure.

    J. If the court denies the petitioner's request for an ex parte severe threat order of protection, the court may schedule a further hearing within ten days after the denial, with reasonable notice to the respondent, to determine whether to issue a one-year severe threat order of protection pursuant to Section 12-1884.

    12-1884. One‑year severe threat order of protection; issuance; notice; hearing

    A. A petitioner who requests a one-year severe threat order of protection shall include in the petition detailed allegations based on personal knowledge that the respondent poses a significant danger of causing physical injury to self or others by having in the respondent's custody or control or owning, purchasing, possessing or receiving a firearm or ammunition.

    B. On receipt of the petition, the court shall set a date for a hearing within ten days after the request. The court shall ensure that notice of the hearing is served on the respondent as soon as practicable.� Notice shall be personally served by a peace officer or, if necessary, by another person who is authorized to serve process pursuant to rule 4(d) of the Arizona Rules of Civil Procedure.

    C. In determining whether to issue a one-year severe threat order of protection, the court shall consider all relevant evidence presented by the petitioner and respondent and may also consider other relevant evidence, including evidence relating to the respondent's:

    1. Unlawful, reckless or negligent use, display, storage, possession or brandishing of a firearm.

    2. Acts or threats of violence to self or others, whether or not this violence involves a firearm.

    3. Violation of a severe threat order of protection, a domestic violence protective order, an injunction against harassment or an injunction against workplace harassment or a violation of a similar order in another state.

    4. Abuse of a controlled substance or alcohol or any criminal offense that involves a controlled substance or alcohol.

    5. Recent acquisition of a firearm, ammunition or another deadly weapon.

    6. Cruel mistreatment of an animal.

    7. History of using, attempting to use or threatening to use physical force against another person or of stalking another person.

    D. The court shall also consider the time that has elapsed since the events described in subsection C of this section.

    E. If the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence at the hearing that the respondent poses a significant danger of causing physical injury to self or others by having in the respondent's custody or control or owning, purchasing, possessing or receiving a firearm or ammunition, the court shall issue a one-year severe threat order of protection.

    F. A one-year severe threat order of protection must include all of the following:

    1. A statement that the respondent may not have in the respondent's custody or control or own, purchase, possess or receive or attempt to purchase or receive a firearm or ammunition while the order is in effect.

    2. A description of the requirements for the relinquishment of a firearm and ammunition pursuant to Section 12-1886.

    3. A statement of the grounds supporting the issuance of the order.

    4. The date and time the order expires, which is not more than one year after the date the order was granted unless the court specifies an alternate date within one year.

    5. The address of the court that issued the order.

    6. A statement that the respondent has the right to request one hearing to terminate the order at any time during the order's effective period.

    7. A statement that the respondent may seek the advice of an attorney regarding any matter connected with the order.

    G. If the respondent fails to appear at the hearing, a one-year severe threat order of protection shall be personally served on the respondent by a peace officer or, if necessary, by another person who is authorized to serve process pursuant to rule 4(d) of the Arizona Rules of Civil Procedure.

    12-1885. Termination and renewal of one-year severe threat order of protection; hearing

    A. The respondent who is subject to a one-year severe threat order of protection that is issued pursuant to Section 12-1884 may submit one written request at any time during the effective period of the order for a hearing to terminate the order.� On receipt of the request for termination, the court shall set a date for a hearing. Notice of the request shall be served on the petitioner.� The hearing shall be held at least fourteen days after the date of service of the request on the petitioner. The respondent who seeks to terminate the order has the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence that the respondent does not pose a significant danger of causing PHYSICAL injury to self or others by having in the respondent's custody or control or owning, purchasing, possessing or receiving a firearm or ammunition.

    B. If the court finds after the hearing that the respondent has met the burden, the court shall terminate the order.

    C. A petitioner may request a renewal of a one-year severe threat order of protection at any time within three months before the expiration of the order.

    D. The court, After notice and a hearing, may renew a one-year severe threat order of protection if the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the respondent continues to pose a significant danger of causing physical injury to self or others by having in the respondent's custody or control or owning, purchasing, possessing or receiving a firearm or ammunition.� In determining whether to renew a one‑year severe threat order of protection, the court shall consider all relevant evidence presented by the petitioner and may also consider other relevant evidence, including evidence identified in section 12‑1884, subsection C.

    12-1886. Relinquishment of firearms and ammunition; storage fee

    A. On issuance of an ex parte severe threat order of protection or a one-year severe threat order of protection, the court shall order the respondent to relinquish to a local law enforcement agency all firearms and ammunition in the respondent's custody or control or that the respondent possesses or owns.

    B. A peace officer who serves a severe threat order of protection shall request that all firearms and ammunition that belong to the respondent be immediately relinquished and shall take possession of all firearms and ammunition that belong to the respondent and that are relinquished in plain sight or that are discovered pursuant to a lawful search. Alternatively, if personal service by a peace officer is not possible, the respondent shall relinquish the firearms and ammunition in a safe manner to the control of local law enforcement officials within twenty‑four hours after being served with the order.

    C. At the time of relinquishment or removal, a peace officer who takes possession of a firearm or ammunition pursuant to a severe threat order of protection shall issue a receipt that identifies all firearms and ammunition that have been relinquished or removed and provide a copy of the receipt to the respondent. Within seventy‑two hours after being served with the order, the officer who serves the order shall file the original receipt with the court that issued the severe threat order of protection and shall ensure that the law enforcement agency retains a copy of the receipt.

    D. A court that has probable cause to believe that a respondent has in the respondent's custody or control or owns or possesses a firearm or ammunition that the respondent has failed to relinquish pursuant to this section or has probable cause to believe that a respondent has received or purchased a firearm or ammunition while subject to the order shall issue a search warrant describing the firearm or ammunition and authorizing a search of the location where the firearms or ammunition are reasonably believed to be and the removal of any firearms or ammunition discovered pursuant to the search.

    E. A local law enforcement agency may charge the respondent a fee that does not exceed the reasonable and actual costs incurred by the local law enforcement agency to store a firearm or ammunition that is relinquished pursuant to this section for the duration of the severe threat order of protection and any additional periods necessary pursuant to Section 12‑1887.

    12-1887. Return and disposal of relinquished firearms and ammunition

    A. At least thirty days before a one-year severe threat order of protection expires, a law enforcement agency that is holding any firearm or ammunition that has been relinquished pursuant to the order shall notify the petitioner that the order is set to expire.� The notice must advise the petitioner of the procedures to seek a renewal of the order pursuant to Section 12-1885, subsection C.

    B. If a severe threat order of protection is terminated or expires and is not renewed, a law enforcement agency that is holding any firearm or ammunition that has been relinquished pursuant to this article shall notify the respondent that the respondent may request the return of the firearm or ammunition. A law enforcement agency shall return any relinquished firearm or ammunition requested by a respondent only after confirming that the respondent is not currently prohibited from owning or possessing a firearm and ammunition.

    C. A respondent who has relinquished any firearm or ammunition to a local law enforcement agency pursuant to this article and who does not wish to have the firearm or ammunition returned or who is not eligible to own or possess a firearm or ammunition may sell or transfer title of the firearm or ammunition to a federally licensed firearms dealer.� The local law enforcement agency shall transfer possession of the firearm or ammunition to a federally licensed firearms dealer only after the dealer has provided written proof of transfer of the firearm or ammunition from the respondent to the dealer and the law enforcement agency has verified the transfer with the respondent.

    D. The law enforcement agency shall return the firearm or ammunition to a person other than the respondent if the other person claims title to any firearm or ammunition relinquished pursuant to this article and the law enforcement agency determines that the person is the lawful owner of the firearm or ammunition.

    12-1888. Reporting of severe threat orders of protection

    A. The court shall notify the Department of Public Safety within one court day after issuing, renewing, dissolving or terminating an ex parte severe threat order of protection or one-year severe threat order of protection under this article.

    B. The information that is submitted to the Department of Public Safety pursuant to this section includes the respondent's identifying information and the date that the order was issued, renewed, dissolved or terminated.� In the case of a one-year severe threat order of protection, the court shall include the date that the order will expire.

    C. The Department of Public Safety shall immediately make any information about an ex parte severe threat order of protection or a one‑year severe threat order of protection issued, renewed or terminated pursuant to this article available to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System for firearm purchaser background checks.

    12-1889. Peace officer authority to seize firearms and ammunition

    This article does not affect the ability of a peace office to remove a firearm or ammunition from any person pursuant to law.
     
    Last edited: Jan 23, 2019
  3. JeffG

    JeffG Member

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    Another color of "red flag laws", the new governor in Wisconsin wasted no time pushing this as being normal business. I suspect it will become national agenda among state legislators of the non 2A persuasion...
     
  4. 6.8KT

    6.8KT member

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    Jan 15, 2019
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    I didn't read all of that, but it seems to me that on its face it is in flagrant violation of the Bill of Rights.

    - The right to trial
    - Unreasonable search and seizure
    - Presumption of innocence

    It also seems to me that the unwarranted abuse of power that would surely result is a much greater public menace than whatever individual crimes they pretend to try to prevent.
     
    10mm Mike and JeffG like this.
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